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Hardness test methods and hardness conversion tables

Hardness is a surface property where indentation, scratching or wear is resisted. The higher the hardness the more resistant the surface and the more difficult surface operations such as cutting and machining are. Testing the hardness of steels can be used an indication of how they can be manipulated (formed, machined etc.) and how they will perform mechanically.

Mechanism and measurement of work hardening of austenitic stainless steels during plastic deformation

Work hardening and the work hardening index 'n'.

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