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This standard covers continuously rolled hot rolled flat products with a rolled width of 600 – 2200mm inclusive in non-alloy, alloy and stainless steels. Strip of width < 600mm slit from wide strip is therefore covered by the standard.
EN 10048 covers hot rolled flat products with a rolled width of < 600mm.
Thickness is < 25 mm.
As the standard covers a wide range of steels, the tolerances depend on the type of steel. Stainless steel falls into one of 3 categories:
Ferritic and martensitic category B
Non-Mo alloyed austenitic category C
Mo-alloyed austenitic category D
These classes are driven by the hot workability at rolling temperature. There are notable omissions from this list, duplex and precipitation hardening steels. It can be guessed that duplex steels should be in category D whilst precipitation hardening steels should be in category B.
The table below gives the basic tolerances for a category A steel. The standard then states that these basic tolerances are increased by a % based on the category:
Category B – 15%
Category C – 30%
Category D – 40%
Of course, this approach gives rise to rounding errors. There is no guidance in the standard as to how to treat this.
|Nominal thickness||Tolerances for nominal width|
|< 1200||> 1200 < 1500||> 1500 < 1800||> 1800|
|< 2.00||± 0.17||± 0.19||± 0.21||—|
|> 2.00 < 2.50||± 0.18||± 0.21||± 0.23||± 0.25|
|> 2.50 < 3.00||± 0.20||± 0.22||± 0.24||± 0.26|
|> 3.00 < 4.00||± 0.22||± 0.24||± 0.26||± 0.27|
|> 4.00 < 5.00||± 0.24||± 0.26||± 0.28||± 0.29|
|> 5.00 < 6.00||± 0.26||± 0.28||± 0.29||± 0.31|
|> 6.00 < 8.00||± 0.29||± 0.30||± 0.31||± 0.35|
|> 8.00 < 10.00||± 0.32||± 0.33||± 0.34||± 0.40|
|> 10.00 < 12.50||± 0.35||± 0.36||± 0.37||± 0.43|
|> 12.50 < 15.00||± 0.37||± 0.38||± 0.40||± 0.46|
|> 15.00 < 25.00||± 0.40||± 0.42||± 0.45||± 0.50|
The thickness shall be measured at any point at least 40mm from the edges for products with mill edges and at least 25mm from the edges for products with trimmed edges.
This does not depend on the steel category.
|Nominal length (L)||Tolerances|
|< 2000||0||+ 10|
|> 2000 < 8000||0||+ 0.005 x L|
|> 8000||0||+ 40|
The length shall be measured along one of the longer edges of the sheet/plate.
This does not depend on the steel category. Note that the standard says that the width depends on nominal length. This does not seem logical and it may be inferred that this is an error.
|Mill edges||Trimmed edges1)|
|< 1200||0||+ 20||0||+ 3|
|> 1200 < 1500||0||+ 20||0||+ 5|
|> 1500||0||+ 20||0||+6|
The width shall be measured at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the product.
This is dependent on the steel category.
|Nominal width||Tolerances on flatness for category|
|< 1200||18||23||Shall be agreed at the time of the enquiry and order|
|> 1200 < 1500||23||30|
Closer tolerances for categories B and C may be agreed at the time of enquiry and order
The flatness shall be determined by measuring the deviation in distance between the product and a flat horizontal surface on which it is placed.
This shall not exceed 1% of the actual width of the plate as defined by the diagram below:
The edge camber shall not exceed 0.5% of the actual length of the for a nominal length of < 5000mm.
For sheet/plate with a nominal length > 5000mm and widths > 600mm, the edge camber shall not exceed 20mm for any length of 5000mm for sheet/plate with mill edges and 15mm for sheet/plate with trimmed edges.
By agreement at the time of enquiry and order the tolerances on out of squareness and edge camber may be replaced by a requirement that a perfect rectangle of the ordered dimensions can be superimposed on the delivered sheets/plates.
All the above tolerances apply to individual sheets. In addition, there are requirements for products in coil form.
The specified values for tolerances shall not apply to the uncropped ends of the coil for a total length L which is calculated using the formula:
L (in metres) = 90/Nominal thickness (in mm) provided that the result does not exceed 20 metres.
The same as for sheet/plate.
The same as for sheet/plate.
There are tolerances for crown for Category A steels used for cold rolling. However, there is no definition for Category B, C or D steels. There is not even the usual reference “must be agreed at time of enquiry and order”. However, the lack of a positive reference to crown for stainless steels can only imply that such an agreement is necessary.