- Technical Help
- Find a Supplier
- BSSA Members
- Affiliate Members
Most ASTM and ASME standards list the steel grades by their UNS (Unified Numbering system) numbers but also make reference, where appropriate to the more general AISI (American Iron and Steel Institute) grade designations. These grade numbering systems are widely used in the USA, where they originated and are recognised by most stainless steel specifiers and users.
The American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) developed designations such as 420, 440 etc and published compositions for these in their ‘Steel Products Manual’ (1974).
These are NOT specifications, but steel grade composition ranges only.
These grades were used by the American Society Testing and Materials (ASTM) to identify grades in a wide range of standards they published for stainless products, such as sheets and plates (ASTM A240), bars (ASTM A276) and tubes (ASTM A269).
The compositions of the AISI grades were made more specific with the introduction of the ‘Unified Numbering System’, jointly established by ASTM and SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).
This five digit number, preceded by the letter ‘S’ for most stainless steels, identified the specific variant of the grade
e.g. 420 being UNS S42000, 630 or 17/4PH being UNS S17400
American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) publish design codes and standards for pressure applications. ASME standards are generally based on the appropriate ASTM standards, but the standard numbers are preceded with the letters ‘SA’, rather than just the ‘A’ of the ASTM standards.
Where UNS grade numbers are used, these are universal, regardless of the product type or the standard in which they appear.
The AISI designations have been adopted in Japan. The AISI number is preceded with the letters SUS e.g. SUS 630. The Japanese have developed variants on some grades for certain product forms e.g. SUS 304J1 for sheet products.
The composition ranges should always be checked in the appropriate standard.
The tables in this article use the UNS number as their key, but also show the related AISI and SAE numbers. Where appropriate, common names for the steels are also shown.
As an alternative to scanning down the list try the ‘find’ facility on your keyboard, using the ‘Ctrl’ and ‘F’ keys together. Type in the term you are looking for in the dialog box that then appears.
The data given is not intended to replace that shown in individual standards to which reference should always be made.
|Designation||Chemical composition % by mass max unless stated|
|UNS No||SAE No||AISI No / Common Name||C||Si||Mn||P||S||Cr||Mo||Ni||Others|
|S13800||–||XM-13 PH13-8Mo||0.05||0.10||0.20||0.010||0.008||12.25/13.25||2.00/2.50||7.50/8.50||N 0.01; Al 0.90/1.35|
|S15500||–||XM-12 15-5PH||0.07||1.00||1.00||0.040||0.030||14.0/15.5||–||3.50/5.50||Cu 2.5/4.5; Nb+Ta 0.15/0.45|
|S15700||–||632 15-7PH||0.09||1.00||1.00||0.040||0.030||14.00/16.00||2.00/3.00||6.50/7.75||Al 0.75/1.50|
|S17400||–||630 17-4PH||0.07||1.00||1.00||0.040||0.030||15.00/17.50||–||3.00/5.00||Cu 3.00/5.00; Nb+Ta 0.15/0.45|
|S17600||–||635||0.08||1.00||1.00||0.040||0.030||16.00/17.50||–||6.00/7.50||Al 0.40; Ti 0.40/1.20|
|S17700||–||631 17-7PH||0.09||1.00||1.00||0.040||0.030||16.00/18.00||–||6.50/7.75||Al 0.75/1.50|
|S41610||–||XM-6 (416 Plus X)||0.15||1.00||1.50/2.50||0.06||0.15 min||12.0/14.0||–||–||–|
|S41623||51416Se||416Se||0.15||1.00||1.25||0.060||0.060||12.0/14.0||–||–||Se 0.15 min|
|S42020||51420F||420F||0.30/0.40||1.00||1.25||0.060||0.15 min||12.0/14.0||–||0.50||Cu 0.60|
|S42023||51420FSe||420FSe||0.20/0.40||1.00||1.25||0.060||0.060||12.0/14.0||–||–||Se 0.15 min Cu 0.60|
|S44020||51440F||440F||0.95/1.20||1.00||1.25||0.060||0.15 min||16.0/18.0||0.75||0.50||Cu 0.60|
|S44023||51440FSe||440FSe||0.95/1.20||1.00||1.25||0.060||0.060||16.0/18.0||–||–||Se 0.15 min Cu 0.60|
|S45000||–||XM-25 Custom 450||0.05||1.00||1.00||0.030||0.030||14.00/16.00||0.50/1.00||5.00/7.00||Cu 1.25/1.75; Nb 8xC min|
|S45500||–||XM-16 Custom 455||0.05||0.50||0.50||0.040||0.030||11.00/12.50||0.50||7.50/9.50||Cu 1.50/2.50; Nb 0.10/0.50 Ti 0.90/1.40|
|S45503||–||–||0.010||0.20||0.50||0.010||0.010||11.00/12.50||0.50||7.50/9.50||Cu 1.50/2.50; Ti 1.00/1.35 Nb 0.10/0.50|
|S46500||–||–||0.02||0.25||0.25||0.015||0.010||11.00/12.50||0.75/1.25||10.75/11.25||Ti 1.50/1.80 N 0.01|
|S66286||–||A286||0.08||1.00||2.00||0.040||0.030||13.50/16.00||1.00/1.50||24.0/27.0||Al 0.35; B 0.0010/0.010; Ti 1.90/2.35; V 0.10/0.50 W 1.90/2.35|